Louis XIII

(1601-1643)
   king of France
   Born in Fontainebleau, the son of henry iv, first of the Bourbon kings, and marie de' medici, Louis, who reigned from 1610 to 1643, became king at nine years of age. During his minority (1610-17), his mother served as regent. She allied France with Spain and arranged the marriage (1615) of Louis to Princess anne of Austria, daughter of Philip III of Spain. There was a struggle for power between Louis and his mother during the period of the regency (Louis, aided by charles de luynes, had the adventurer concino concini assassinated), but finally both were reconciled to each other. For most of his reign, Louis's policies were determined by Cardinal richelieu, who joined the Council of Ministers (1624) through the efforts of Marie de' Medici, and served as prime minister until his death in 1642. Under Richelieu's anti-Hapsburg policy, France entered the thirty years' war as an ally of Sweden and the German Protestant princes. Louis's reign was also marked by occasional strife between Catholics and huguenots, whom he sometimes persecuted. There many conspiracies against Richelieu, often instigated by the king's brother, gaston of orléans. Louis was not, however, the puppet king as he has sometimes been portrayed. No decisions were made by Richelieu without the king's consent, and Louis took strong actions against conspiracies. Also, during his reign, Artois was taken from Burgundy and added to France. Moreover, he was a patron of the arts and had important additions made to the palace at Fontainebleau. Louis XIII was succeeded by his son, the future louis XIV.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Louis XIII. — Ludwig XIII., gemalt von Philippe de Champaigne Ludwig XIII. (* 27. September 1601 in Fontainebleau; † 14. Mai 1643 in Saint Germain en Laye) war von 1610 bis 1643 König von Frankreich und Navarra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • LOUIS XIII —    the son of Henry IV.; being only nine years old at the death of his father, the government was conducted by Marie de Medicis, his mother, and at his accession the country was a prey to civil dissensions, which increased on the young king s… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Louis XIII — /ˈlui/ (say loohee) noun 1601–43, king of France 1610–43 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Louis XIII — noun king of France from 1610 to 1643 who relied heavily on the advice of Cardinal Richelieu (1601 1643) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑King of France * * * 1601 43, king of France 1610 43 (son of Henry IV of Navarre) …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Louis XIII de Rémy Martin — is a cognac produced by Rémy Martin. Production The cognac is manufactured using grapes from the Grande Champagne terroir of Cognac. It is blended from eau de vie, some more than a century in age, then it is aged in tiercons, barrels that are… …   Wikipedia

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